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Polar Lakes and RiversLimnology of Arctic and Antarctic Aquatic Ecosystems$
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Warwick F. Vincent and Johanna Laybourn-Parry

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199213887

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213887.001.0001

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Zooplankton and zoobenthos in high-latitude water bodies

Zooplankton and zoobenthos in high-latitude water bodies

(p.231) CHAPTER 13 Zooplankton and zoobenthos in high-latitude water bodies
Polar Lakes and Rivers

Milla Rautio

Ian A.E. Bayly

John A.E. Gibson

Marjut Nyman

Oxford University Press

The biodiversity of zooplankton and zoobenthos decreases towards high latitudes, though the two poles have different species compositions despite environmental similarities in temperature, habitat structure, and light cycle. Different geological history and accessibility largely explain the faunal differences between the poles. While some species live close to their environmental tolerance in the cold polar regions, others have adapted to life at low temperatures. This chapter describes the unique cold-water communities of zooplankton and zoobenthos in the two polar regions. It reviews the most important factors that define the zoogeography and diversity of freshwater invertebrates in the Arctic and Antarctic, and provides detail on the ecology and life-history of some key zooplankton and aquatic insects. The final section considers how climate change, especially elevated temperature and increase in UV radiation, are altering high-latitude aquatic invertebrate communities.

Keywords:   Crustacea, insects, adaptation, climate change, ultra-violet radiation, biogeography

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