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Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Serge A. Wich, S Suci Utami Atmoko, Tatang Mitra Setia, and Carel P. van Schaik

Abstract

This book describes one of our closest relatives, the orangutan, and the only extant great ape in Asia. It is increasingly clear that orangutan populations show extensive variation in behavioral ecology, morphology, life history, and genes. Indeed, on the strength of the latest genetic and morphological evidence, it has been proposed that orangutans actually constitute two species which diverged more than a million years ago — one on the island of Sumatra the other on Borneo, with the latter comprising three subspecies. This book has two main aims. The first is to carefully compare data from e ... More

Keywords: orangutan populations, behavioral ecology, morphology, life history, genes, Sumatra, Borneo

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2008 Print ISBN-13: 9780199213276
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Serge A. Wich, editor
Great Ape Trust of Iowa, USA, and University of Utrecht, The Netherlands

S Suci Utami Atmoko, editor
Universitas Nasional, Jakarta, Indonesia

Tatang Mitra Setia, editor
Universitas Nasional, Jakarta, Indonesia

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Contents

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CHAPTER 1 Taxonomy, geographic variation and population genetics of Bornean and Sumatran orangutans

Benoît Goossens, Lounès Chikhi, Mohd. Fairus Jalil, Sheena James, Marc Ancrenaz, Isabelle Lackman-Ancrenaz, and Michael W. Bruford

CHAPTER 3 Orangutan positional behavior

Susannah K. S. Thorpe, and Robin H. Crompton

CHAPTER 4 A description of the orangutan's vocal and sound repertoire, with a focus on geographic variation

Madeleine E. Hardus, Adriano R. Lameira, Ian Singleton, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, Cheryl D. Knott, Marc Ancrenaz, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, and Serge A. Wich

CHAPTER 5 Orangutan life history variation

Serge A. Wich, Han de Vries, Marc Ancrenaz, Lori Perkins, Robert W. Shumaker, Akira Suzuki, and Carel P. van Schaik

CHAPTER 6 Orangutan distribution, density, abundance and impacts of disturbance

Simon J. Husson, Serge A. Wich, Andrew J. Marshall, Rona D. Dennis, Marc Ancrenaz, Rebecca Brassey, Melvin Gumal, Andrew J. Hearn, Erik Meijaard, Togu Simorangkir, and Ian Singleton

CHAPTER 7 The effects of forest phenology and floristics on populations of Bornean and Sumatran orangutans

Andrew J. Marshall, Marc Ancrenaz, Francis Q. Brearley, Gabriella M. Fredriksson, Nilofer Ghaffar, Matt Heydon, Simon J. Husson, Mark Leighton, Kim R. McConkey, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, John Proctor, Carel P. van Schaik, Carey P. Yeager, and Serge A. Wich

CHAPTER 8 Orangutan activity budgets and diet

Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, Simon J. Husson, Cheryl D. Knott, Serge A. Wich, Carel P. van Schaik, Maria A. van Noordwijk, Isabelle Lackman-Ancrenaz, Andrew J. Marshall, Tomoko Kanamori, Noko Kuze, and Ramlan bin Sakong

CHAPTER 9 Geographic variation in orangutan diets

Anne E. Russon, Serge A. Wich, Marc Ancrenaz, Tomoko Kanamori, Cheryl D. Knott, Noko Kuze, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, Peter Pratje, Hatta Ramlee, Peter Rodman, Azrie Sawang, Kade Sidiyasa, Ian Singleton, and Carel P. van Schaik

CHAPTER 10 Parasites and their impacts on orangutan health

Ivona Foitová, Michael A. Huffman, Nurcahyo Wisnu, and Milan Olšanský

CHAPTER 11 The ecology of female reproduction in wild orangutans

Cheryl D. Knott, Melissa Emery Thompson, and Serge A. Wich

CHAPTER 12 Development of independence

Maria A. van Noordwijk, Simone E.B. Sauren, Nuzuar Abulani Ahbam, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, and Carel P. van Schaik

CHAPTER 13 Ranging behavior of orangutan females and social organization

Ian Singleton, Cheryl D. Knott, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, Serge A. Wich, and Carel P. van Schaik

CHAPTER 14 Geographical variation in orangutan long calls

Roberto A. Delgado, Adriano R. Lameira, Marina Davila Ross, Simon J. Husson, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, and Serge A. Wich

CHAPTER 15 Male–male relationships in orangutans

Sri Suci Utami Atmoko, Ian Singleton, Maria A. van Noordwijk, Carel P. van Schaik, and Tatang Mitra Setia

CHAPTER 16 Orangutan mating behavior and strategies

S. Suci Utami Atmoko, Tatang Mitra Setia, Benoît Goossens, Sheena S. James, Cheryl D. Knott, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, Carel P. van Schaik, and Maria A. van Noordwijk

CHAPTER 17 Social organization and male–female relationships

Tatang Mitra Setia, Roberto A. Delgado, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, Ian Singleton, and Carel P. van Schaik

CHAPTER 18 Ecological sex differences in wild orangutans

Carel P. van Schaik, Maria A. van Noordwijk, and Erin R Vogel

CHAPTER 19 Nest building in orangutans

Didik Prasetyo, Marc Ancrenaz, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, Serge A. Wich, and Carel P. van Schaik

CHAPTER 20 Innovation and intelligence in orangutans

Anne E. Russon, Carel P. van Schaik, Purwo Kuncoro, Agnes Ferisa, Dwi P. Handayani, and Maria A. van Noordwijk

CHAPTER 21 Orangutan cultures revisited

Carel P. van Schaik, Marc Ancrenaz, Reniastoeti Djojoasmoro, Cheryl D. Knott, Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard, Nuzuar Odom Kisar, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, and Maria A. van Noordwijk

CHAPTER 22 Orangutan population biology, life history, and conservation

Andrew J. Marshall, Robert Lacy, Marc Ancrenaz, Onnie Byers, Simon J. Husson, Mark Leighton, Erik Meijaard, Norm Rosen, Ian Singleton, Suzette Stephens, Kathy Traylor-Holzer, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, Carel P. van Schaik, and Serge A. Wich

CHAPTER 24 Geographic variation in orangutan behavior and biology

Carel P. van Schaik, Andrew J. Marshall, and Serge A. Wich

End Matter