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Somoza and RooseveltGood Neighbour Diplomacy in Nicaragua, 1933-1945$
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Andrew Crawley

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199212651

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212651.001.0001

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Good Neighbour Diplomacy and Somoza’s Rise to Power, 1934–1935

Good Neighbour Diplomacy and Somoza’s Rise to Power, 1934–1935

Chapter:
(p.38) 2 Good Neighbour Diplomacy and Somoza’s Rise to Power, 1934–1935
Source:
Somoza and Roosevelt
Author(s):

ANDREW CRAWLEY

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212651.003.0003

This chapter discusses Anastasio Somoza's rise to power as an end-result of Washington's good neighbour diplomacy. It tells of the circumstances that facilitated Somoza's rise to power and the idea that the Somoza regime was an American-created and American-sponsored institution from the outset, that it was the planned culmination of a US design for Nicaragua, has tended to furnish much of its own momentum. In revolutionary Nicaragua, that version of events became accepted history. The chapter presents that Somoza's rise was not the result of machinations on the part of the Roosevelt administration and how he used the Guardia to his advantage. On the contrary, it was in large part a result of their absence. The chapter also determines that the Roosevelt administration cannot be held ultimately liable and solely accountable for his presidency and subsequent excesses without an unrealistically austere interpretation of the chain of causality.

Keywords:   Anastasio Somoza, Nicaragua, Roosevelt administration, good neighbour diplomacy, American-created institution, Somoza regime, Guardia

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