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The Founding of the Dutch RepublicWar, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588$
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James Tracy

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199209118

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209118.001.0001

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The Securing of Holland's Forward Frontier, 1583–1588

The Securing of Holland's Forward Frontier, 1583–1588

(p.225) 10 The Securing of Holland's Forward Frontier, 1583–1588
The Founding of the Dutch Republic

James D. Tracy (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

As towns and provinces fell away, the Council of State recruited troops from France, from Germany, and from England, where Elizabeth I named the earl of Leicester as governor in the Low Countries, in keeping with the Treaty of Nonsuch (August 1585). Some contingents never came; those that did could not blunt Parma's advance. Meanwhile, the Lords States of Holland husbanded their resources for needs of the Union of Utrecht: garrisons at the “gateways” to Holland were paid regularly, those in Brussels were not. When Nijmegen went over to Spain, breaching the line of the Waal, funds were found to hold the line of the Rhine. This strategy did not counter Parma's, but it worked as well; at key points in Gelderland and Overijssel, the forward frontier was secured. As a protected island of peace in a sea of war, Holland would prosper as never before.

Keywords:   States General, Union of Utrecht, Treaty of Nonsuch, Queen Elizabeth I, Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, Utrecht, Gelderland, Overijssel, Waal river, Rhine river

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