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ConfabulationViews from Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Psychology and Philosophy$
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William Hirstein

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780199208913

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208913.001.0001

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Disentangling the motivational theories of confabulation

Disentangling the motivational theories of confabulation

(p.263) Chapter 12 Disentangling the motivational theories of confabulation

Aikaterini Fotopoulou

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the tension between cognitive and motivational theories of confabulation, and argues that it lies in residual notions of an outdated and rigid distinction between functional and organic explanations. More recent motivational accounts of confabulation are presented to escape this implicit dualism. A number of recent systematic studies on the emotional content of confabulation have shown that given the trade-off between the influence of cognitive control and motivational influences on memory, impairment in one aspect may generate exaggeration in the other; when irrelevant memory representations are not inhibited and memories are not retrieved in appropriate manner, motivational factors may acquire a greater role in determining which memories are selected for retrieval and accepted as true.

Keywords:   confabulations, confabulatory behaviour, motivational influence, memory

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