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Witnesses to a World CrisisHistorians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century$
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James Howard-Johnston

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199208593

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.001.0001

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Supplementary Roman Sources of the Seventh Century II

Supplementary Roman Sources of the Seventh Century II

(p.163) 6 Supplementary Roman Sources of the Seventh Century II
Witnesses to a World Crisis

James Howard‐Johnston

Oxford University Press

A second tour takes the reader to Palestine and Egypt. Again the texts considered are of several types: lives of saints—George, the reclusive spiritual leader of a monastic community at Choziba, near Jericho, the worldly John, Chalcedonian patriarch of Alexandria, who arranged emergency aid for Palestine in 614, and Anastasius, a deserter from the Persian army who succeeded in achieving martyrdom at the very end of the Roman–Persian war; anacreontic poems written by Sophronius, future patriarch of Jerusalem, which touch on that war; a burst of anti‐Persian propaganda fired off after the siege and fall of Jerusalem in 614; and two invaluable historical texts, which describe Arab operations and negotiations in Egypt (641–3) and the ceremonies validating Mu‘awiya's assumption of the caliphal title (660). The data gathered from local Roman sources is tabulated at the end of the chapter.

Keywords:   Palestine, Egypt, Jerusalem, Alexandria, saint, Mu‘awiya, caliph, patriarch, ceremonies, siege

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