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Witnesses to a World CrisisHistorians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century$
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James Howard-Johnston

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199208593

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.001.0001

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Two Universal Chronicles

Two Universal Chronicles

(p.36) 2 Two Universal Chronicles
Witnesses to a World Crisis

James Howard‐Johnston

Oxford University Press

The most important of all the sources considered is the Chronicon Paschale, a universal chronicle written by a member of the patriarchal staff in Constantinople. The last contemporary part, covering the years 602–28, is shown to be composed almost entirely out of material reproduced from contemporary documents and communiqués, including a letter from the Senate to the shahanshah Khusro II pleading for peace in 615, an official account of the siege of Constantinople in 626, and Heraclius' final victory dispatch from Persia. The dating is shown to be reliable. The miscellaneous material collected together in the Syrian Chronicle to 724 is surveyed, special attention being given to news items about the last Roman—Persian war (precisely and accurately dated) and two items about the early Arab conquests.

Keywords:   chronicle, Constantinople, Senate, Khusro II, Heraclius, Persia, Arabs, Chronicon Paschale, Chronicle to 724

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