Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Witnesses to a World CrisisHistorians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

James Howard-Johnston

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199208593

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 11 December 2018

Early Islamic Historical Writing

Early Islamic Historical Writing

(p.354) 11 Early Islamic Historical Writing
Witnesses to a World Crisis

James Howard‐Johnston

Oxford University Press

The investigation enters a new phase, that of vetting Islamic sources. The Qur'an is shown to be an important historical source for the biography of the Prophet and the evolution of the umma (Muslim community) once individual suras are classified into chronologically distinct groups. Attention then turns to the voluminous historical traditions about the rise of Islam picked up by later Muslim historians. Two lines of argument are developed—one from general considerations and the other from a comparison of Islamic and non‐Islamic testimonies about the futuh (conquests), fitna (civil conflict), and warfare against the Romans—in favour of the authenticity of the kernels of early Islamic historical traditions and their chronological ordering. Only three events—the capture of Jerusalem, the assassination of ‘Ali, and the battle of Karbala—can be shown to be out of sequence, in each case because a higher, religious truth has prevailed.

Keywords:   Qur’an, umma, Prophet, sura, Islam, futuh, fitna, Jerusalem, ‘Ali, Karbala

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .