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Cluster GenesisTechnology-Based Industrial Development$
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Pontus Braunerhjelm and Maryann P. Feldman

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199207183

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207183.001.0001

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The Emergence of a European Biotechnology Cluster: The Case of Medicon Valley

The Emergence of a European Biotechnology Cluster: The Case of Medicon Valley

(p.133) 7 The Emergence of a European Biotechnology Cluster: The Case of Medicon Valley
Cluster Genesis

Pontus Braunerhjelm

Christian Helgesson

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the forces that sparked the emergence of a leading European biotechnology cluster — Medicon Valley. This cluster displays one characteristic feature which separates it from most other biotechnology clusters: its geographical location stretches over two countries: parts of Sweden and Denmark. The emergence of the Medicon Valley biotechnology cluster seems to have followed a somewhat different path than the biotech clusters in the United States. Whereas entrepreneurs orchestrated the emergence of clusters in the United States, universities played a crucial role in the Medicon Valley case and entrepreneurs entered — and reinforced — the process in a later stage. The more dynamic and fast growing biotechnology sector in Denmark is argued to be partly policy driven, partly associated with cultural differences.

Keywords:   universities, entrepreneurs, institutions, dynamics

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