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Cluster GenesisTechnology-Based Industrial Development$
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Pontus Braunerhjelm and Maryann P. Feldman

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199207183

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207183.001.0001

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Policy-Induced Clusters: The Genesis of Biotechnology Clustering on the East Coast of China

Policy-Induced Clusters: The Genesis of Biotechnology Clustering on the East Coast of China

Chapter:
(p.113) 6 Policy-Induced Clusters: The Genesis of Biotechnology Clustering on the East Coast of China
Source:
Cluster Genesis
Author(s):

Martha Prevezer

Han Tang

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207183.003.0006

The Chinese government has the ambition to develop China into a globally leading biotech nation. The genesis of three major biotechnology clusters along the east coast of China is considered in this chapter. Two main phases are distinguished in the evolution of government policy with respect to these clusters. A preceding phase is mainly concerned with institutional reform, creating new forms of property rights, setting out strategic programmes for the development of the biotechnology, and building up the appropriate knowledge base. Partly as a result of these policies, the entry of companies into the biotech clusters in each region more than doubled during the period 1995-2003 as compared to the period before 1995. Scientists returning from abroad frequently founded the new companies formed in the latter period.

Keywords:   cluster emergence, diversity, policies, repatriates

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