Tanzania (population 36.59 million) is a country in Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, that covers an area of 945, 087 km2. The palliative care is provided by four organizations: Selian Hospital, Muheza Hospice Care, PASADA, and Ocean Road Cancer Institute. Faith-based organizations, particularly the church-related hospitals, provide 50 percent of the health care in the country. The Evangelical Lutheran Church is introducing palliative care into its twenty Lutheran hospitals. Health care is traditionally family and home based due to the low doctor to population ratio. The reimbursement and funding for services of these organizations are shown. The chapter also summarizes their palliative care coverage, education and training, and palliative care workforce capacity. The Tanzanian Palliative Care Association is a national association that provides a voice for palliative care in Tanzania. The history and development of hospice-palliative care in Tanzania is described.
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