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The Reinvention of Spain$
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Sebastian Balfour and Alejandro Quiroga

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199206674

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206674.001.0001

A Tale of Two Nations: Spanish Nationalism before Democracy (1808–1977)

Chapter:
(p.17) 2 A Tale of Two Nations: Spanish Nationalism before Democracy (1808–1977)
Source:
The Reinvention of Spain
Author(s):

Sebastian Balfour (Contributor Webpage)

Alejandro Quiroga (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206674.003.0002

This chapter explores the development of Spanish national identity from the beginning of the 19th century to the end of Francoism. Spanish nationalism has been adopted by different political ideologies and used as a tool of social control by a variety of regimes. In the first three quarters of the 19th century, Spanish nationalism was used to consolidate liberal revolution. Between 1875 and 1930, Spanish nationalism became a counter-revolutionary tool. During the Second Republic, Spanish nationalism was used as an instrument to promote democracy and social reform. Francoism was a backlash against this democratic Spanish nationalism; the dictatorship used an authoritarian Spanish nationalism to halt democracy and socio-political reform while it attempted to carry out an economic modernization of the country.

Keywords:   Spain, national identity, Second Republic, Francoism, democracy, social reform

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