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Aquinas on Friendship$
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Daniel Schwartz

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199205394

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205394.001.0001

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Justice, Satisfaction, and Restoration of Friendship

Justice, Satisfaction, and Restoration of Friendship

(p.142) 7 Justice, Satisfaction, and Restoration of Friendship
Aquinas on Friendship

Daniel Schwartz (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines Aquinas's understanding of the way in which the aim of reconciliation affects the operation of corrective justice. It focuses on ‘satisfaction’, a term that Aquinas used to denote the sequence of acts and attitudes necessary for the offender to atone for his wrongs in the eyes of the victim. It is argued that friendship affects the currency of repayment (honour as opposed to tangible goods), the temporal scope of the offences that need to be amended (the past history of the friends as opposed to punctual offences), and the identity of the person who should enforce repayment (the offender as opposed to the judge). Friendship also determines the quantity of required satisfaction by making acceptable what satisfaction the friend is capable of, rather than demanding of him the full repayment of the debt. If, however, the friend has debased himself to such an extent that he cannot make any valuable satisfaction, then it is more advantageous for the ex-friend to be helped to repay the debt than merely to be released from payment.

Keywords:   comprehensiveness, voluntariness, redress, reconciliation, corrective justice

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