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Nationalism and War$
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John Hutchinson

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198798453

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198798453.001.0001

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European War-Making and the Rise of Nation States

European War-Making and the Rise of Nation States

(p.12) 1 European War-Making and the Rise of Nation States
Nationalism and War

John Hutchinson

Oxford University Press

This chapter appraises the debates about the significance of European military revolutions for the rise of nation states. Outlining military-political models (by Charles Tilly and Michael Mann) that suggest that nations and the international system are a product of martial state-building, it argues that a much more dynamic approach is required in which nations and nationalism arise independently of states and shape warfare and state-building. Although undoubtedly encouraging state centralization, war is a potential destabilizer of states, so that periods of crisis of the state are catalysts of nation crystallization. At such times, nationalists may offer alternative and competing models of state development. State and nation formation are often in tension. It also argues that warfare characterized by mass conscription does not necessarily lead to democratization but can also legitimate dictatorial conceptions of the nation.

Keywords:   military revolution, war, nationalism, nation, state formation, conscription, democratization, Charles Tilly, Michael Mann

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