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The Sultan’s Renegades
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The Sultan’s Renegades: Christian-European Converts to Islam and the Making of the Ottoman Elite, 1575-1610

Tobias P. Graf


The figure of the renegade—a European Christian or Jew who had converted to Islam and was now serving the Ottoman sultan—is omnipresent in all genres produced by those early modern Christian Europeans who wrote about the Ottoman Empire. As few contemporaries failed to remark, converts were disproportionately represented among those who governed, administered, and fought for the sultan. Unsurprisingly, therefore, renegades have attracted considerable attention from historians of Europe as well as students of European literature. Until very recently, however, Ottomanists have been surprisingly s ... More

Keywords: conversion to Islam, elite formation in the Ottoman Empire, renegades, Ottoman–European relations, trans-imperial subjects, shared world, entanglements, religious and political polarization, age of confessionalization

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780198791430
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198791430.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Tobias P. Graf, author
Research Associate in Early Modern History and Associate Member of the Cluster of Excellence 'Asia and Europe in a Global Context', Heidelberg University