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Getting Started with RAn Introduction for Biologists$
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Andrew Beckerman, Dylan Childs, and Owen Petchey

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198787839

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787839.001.0001

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Getting Your Data into R

Getting Your Data into R

Chapter:
(p.35) 2 Getting Your Data into R
Source:
Getting Started with R
Author(s):

Andrew P. Beckerman

Dylan Z. Childs

Owen L. Petchey

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787839.003.0002

Working with data in R is so much easier if you organize your data well. Hence, your arrangement of data (i.e. how to type them in a spreadsheet) makes it easier to work with in R, with observations in rows and variables in columns. You experience several ways of getting your data into R (i.e. importing them), all of which make this step really quite easy. You learn how to check your data are correctly imported. You learn to recognize when the import hasn’t worked quite as expected, and how to correct some of the most common data import problems. Finally, there is a more advanced section about dealing with data that are not in a good arrangement for R to work with. Dealing with such data involves making them ‘tidy’.

Keywords:   R, spreadsheet, data, import, tidy, observation, variable

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