This chapter by Willem Jongman summarizes and contextualizes the main findings of the book, relating them to past and current debates in Roman economic history. Looking back on the intellectual context that shaped his own earlier work on the Pompeian economy, Jongman argues that the key issue at stake is understanding the standard of living, and he suggests that, in the light of the arguments presented in the present volume, his earlier assessment may have been too pessimistic, even if most of the reconstructions are extremely tentative. The author argues that Pompeii was more prosperous than he suggested in his 1988 monograph, and that this prosperity served much more people: what one sees at Pompeii is a pre-industrial high-equilibrium society.
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