Alderman, H., and T. Haque. 2007. ‘Insurance against Covariate Shocks: The Role of Index-Based Insurance in Social Protection in Low-Income Countries of Africa’. Working Paper No. 95, World Bank, Washington.
Alderman, Harold, John Hoddinott, and Bill Kinsey. 2003. ‘Long-Term Consequences of Early Childhood Malnutrition’. IFPRI Discussion Paper No. 168, Food Consumption and Nutrition Division, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington.
ALNAP. 2015. The State of the Humanitarian System. ALNAP Study. London: ALNAP/ODI.
ALNAP, UKAid, and UNEG. 2011. ‘Evaluation Insights: Haiti Earthquake Responses—Emerging Evaluation Lessons’. June.
Armendáriz, B., and J. Morduch. 2010. The Economics of Microfinance. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Arrow, K. J. 1971. Essays in the Theory of Risk-Bearing. Amsterdam: North-Holland.
Arrow, Kenneth. 1963. ‘Uncertainty and the Welfare Economics of Medical Care’. American Economic Review 53: 941.
Arrow, Kenneth, and Robert C. Lind. 1970. ‘Uncertainty and the Evaluation of Public Investment Decisions’. American Economic Review 60: 364.
Ashraf, Nava, Dean Karlan, and Wesley Yin. 2006. ‘Tying Odysseus to the Mast: Evidence from a Commitment Savings Product in the Philippines’. Quarterly Journal of Economics 121: 635.
Bailey, Rob. 2013. Managing Famine Risk: Linking Early Warning to Early Action. Chatham House Report. London: Royal Institute of International Affairs, April.
Barnett, Barry J., Christopher B. Barrett, and Jeremy R. Skees. 2008. ‘Poverty Traps and Index-Based Risk Transfer Products’. World Development 36: 1766.
Bastagli, Francesca, and Luke Hardman. 2015. The Role of Index-Based Triggers in Social Protection Shock Response. London: Overseas Development Institute.
Bastagli, F., and R. Holmes. 2014. Delivering Social Protection in the Aftermath of a Shock: Lessons from Bangladesh, Kenya, Pakistan and Viet Nam. London: Overseas Development Institute.
(p.122) Berg, M. A., R. Portillo, M. E. F. Buffie, M. C. A. Pattillo, and L. F. Zanna. 2012. ‘Public Investment, Growth, and Debt Sustainability: Putting Together the Pieces’. Working Paper No. 12–144, International Monetary Fund, Washington.
Besley, Timothy, and Robin Burgess. 2002. ‘The Political Economy of Government Responsiveness: Theory and Evidence from India’. Quarterly Journal of Economics 117: 1415.
Bevan, David, and Christopher Adam. 2015. ‘Public Capital, Disaster Risk Insurance and Macroeconomic Responses to Topical Cyclone Damage: An Application to Jamaica’. Oxford University.
Bharosa, Nitesh, JinKyu Lee, and Marijn Janssen. 2010. ‘Challenges and Obstacles in Sharing and Coordinating Information during Multi-Agency Disaster Response: Propositions from Field Exercises’. Information Systems Frontiers 12: 49.
Blanchet, K., et al. 2015. ‘An Evidence Review of Research on Health Interventions in Humanitarian Crises’. London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
Borch, K. 1962. ‘Equilibrium in a Reinsurance Market’. Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society 30: 424.
Browne, Mark J., and Robert E. Hoyt. 2000. ‘The Demand for Flood Insurance: Empirical Evidence’. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 20: 291.
Bryan, Gharad, Dean Karlan, and Scott Nelson. 2010. ‘Commitment Devices’. Annual Review of Economics 2: 671.
Buchanan, James M. 1975. ‘The Samaritan’s Dilemma’. In Altruism, Morality and Economic Theory, edited by Edmund S. Phelps. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 71.
Buzzacchi, L., and G. Turati. 2014. ‘Optimal Risk Allocation in the Provision of Local Public Services: Can a Private Insurer Be Better than a Federal Relief Fund?’ CESifo Economic Studies, ifu024.
Cabot Venton, Courtenay, Catherine Fitzgibbon, Tenna Shitarek, Lorraine Coulter, and Olivia Dooley. 2012. ‘The Economics of Early Response and Disaster Resilience: Lessons from Kenya and Ethiopia’. Economics of Resilience Final Report, UK Department for International Development, London.
Carter, M. 2013. ‘Sharing the Risk and the Uncertainty: Public–Private Reinsurance Partnerships for Viable Agricultural Insurance Markets’. I4 Index Insurance Innovation Initiative Brief, 1.
Carter, M., A. de Janvry, E. Sadoulet, and A. Sarris. 2014. ‘Index-Based Weather Insurance for Developing Countries: A Review of Evidence and a Set of Propositions for Up-scaling’. Ferdi Document de travail P111.
(p.123) Carter, M. R., F. Galarza, and S. Boucher. 2007. ‘Underwriting Area-Based Yield Insurance to Crowd-In Credit Supply and Demand’. Savings and Development 31: 335.
Caunhye, Aakil M., Xiaofeng Nie, and Shaligram Pokharel. 2012. ‘Optimization Models in Emergency Logistics: A Literature Review’. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences 46: 4.
Chakravarti, J. S. 1920. Agricultural Insurance: A Practical Scheme Suited to Indian Conditions. Bangalore: Government Press.
Chantarat, S., C. B. Barrett, A. G. Mude, and C. G. Turvey. 2007. ‘Using Weather Index Insurance to Improve Drought Response for Famine Prevention’. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 89: 1262.
Chantarat, S., A. G. Mude, C. B. Barrett, and M. R. Carter. 2009. ‘Designing Index-based Livestock Insurance for Managing Asset Risk in Northern Kenya’. Journal of Risk and Insurance 80: 205.
Charpentier, A., and B. Le Maux. 2014. ‘Natural Catastrophe Insurance: How Should the Government Intervene?’ Journal of Public Economics 115: 1.
Checchi, Francesco, and W. Courtland Robinson. 2013. ‘Mortality among Populations of Southern and Central Somalia Affected by Severe Food Insecurity and Famine during 2010–2012’. A study commissioned by FAO/FSNAU and FEWS NET from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health.
Christopher, Martin, and Peter Tatham, eds. 2014. Humanitarian Logistics—Meeting the Challenge of Preparing for and Responding to Disasters. London: Kogan Page Publishers.
Clarke, D. J. 2016. ‘A Theory of Rational Demand for Index Insurance’. American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 8: 1.
Clarke, D. J., O. Mahul, and P. Poulter. 2015. ‘A Framework for the Ex Ante Evaluation of Alternative Sovereign Disaster Risk Financing Strategies’. World Bank, Washington.
Clarke, D., O. Mahul, K. N. Rao, and N. Verma. 2012. ‘Weather Based Crop Insurance in India’. Policy Research Working Paper 5985, World Bank, Washington.
Clarke, Daniel J., and Ruth Vargas Hill. 2013. ‘Cost-Benefit Analysis of the African Risk Capacity Facility’. Discussion Paper 01292, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington.
Coate, S. 1995. ‘Altruism, the Samaritan’s Dilemma, and Government Transfer Policy’. American Economic Review 85: 46.
Cohen, Charles, and Eric D. Werker. 2008. ‘The Political Economy of “Natural” Disasters’. Journal of Conflict Resolution 52: 795.
(p.124) Cole, Shawn, Xavier Giné, Jeremy Tobacman, Petia Topalova, Robert Townsend, and James Vickery. 2013. ‘Barriers to Household Risk Management: Evidence from India’. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 5: 104.
Cole, S., A. Healy, and E. Werker. 2012. ‘Do Voters Demand Responsive Governments? Evidence from Indian Disaster Relief’. Journal of Development Economics 97: 167.
Cole, S., D. Stein, and J. Tobacman. 2014. ‘Dynamics and Demand for Index Insurance: Evidence from a Long-Run Field Experiment’. American Economic Review: Papers and Proceedings 104: 284.
Congressional Research Service. 2006. ‘Federal Emergency Management Policy Changes after Hurricane Katrina: A Summary of Statutory Provisions’. CRS Report for Congress, Library of Congress, Washington.
Cummins, J. David, and Olivier Mahul. 2009. Catastrophe Risk Financing in Developing Countries: Principles for Public Intervention. Washington: World Bank.
Debreu, G. 1954. ‘Valuation Equilibrium and Pareto Optimum’. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 40: 588.
de Janvry, Alain, Alejandro del Valle, and Elisabeth Sadoulet. 2015. ‘Insuring Growth: The Impact of Disaster Funds on Economic Reconstruction’. Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California, Berkeley.
Department of Homeland Security. 2006. ‘A Performance Review of FEMA’s Disaster Management Activities in Response to Hurricane Katrina’. Office of Inspector General, Washington.
Dercon, Stefan. 2004. ‘Growth and Shocks: Evidence from Rural Ethiopia’. Journal of Development Economics 74: 309.
Dercon, Stefan. 2005. Insurance against Poverty. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dercon, S., J. De Weerdt, T. Bold, and A. Pankhurst. 2006. ‘Group-Based Funeral Insurance in Ethiopia and Tanzania’. World Development 34: 685.
Dercon, Stefan, and Catherine Porter. 2014. ‘Live Aid Revisited’. Journal of the European Economic Association 12: 927.
de Waal, Alex. 2005. Famine that Kills: Darfur, Sudan. Rev. ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Eisensee, Thomas, and David Strömberg. 2007. ‘News Floods, News Droughts, and U.S. Disaster Relief’. Quarterly Journal of Economics 122: 693.
Elabed, Ghada, and Michael R. Carter. 2014. ‘Ex-ante Impacts of Agricultural Insurance: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Mali’. University of California, Davis.
Estache, A., and L. Wren-Lewis. 2009. ‘Toward a Theory of Regulation for Developing Countries: Following Jean-Jacques Laffont’s Lead’. Journal of Economic Literature 47: 729.
(p.125) Fuchs, Alan, and Lourdes Rodriguez-Chamussy. 2014. ‘Voter Response to Natural Disaster Aid: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from Drought Relief Payments in Mexico’. Policy Research Working Paper 6836, World Bank, Washington.
Fuchs, Alan, and Hendrik Wolff. 2011. ‘Concept and Unintended Consequences of Weather Index Insurance: The Case of Mexico’. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 93: 505.
Gasper, J., and A. Reeves. 2011. ‘Make it Rain? Retrospection and the Attentive Electorate in the Context of Natural Disasters’. American Journal of Political Science 55: 340.
Gawande, A. 2010. The Checklist Manifesto: How to Get Things Right. New York: Metropolitan Books.
Germanwatch. 2015. ‘Global Climate Risk Index 2015’. <https://germanwatch.org/en/cri>.
Ghesquiere, Francis, and Olivier Mahul. 2007. ‘Sovereign Natural Disaster Insurance for Developing Countries: A Paradigm Shift in Catastrophe Risk Financing’. Policy Research Working Paper 4345, World Bank, Washington.
Gigerenzer, Gerd, and Daniel G. Goldstein. 1996. ‘Reasoning the Fast and Frugal Way: Models of Bounded Rationality’. Psychological Review 103: 650.
Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery. 2013. FONDEN: Mexico’s National Disaster Fund. World Bank, Washington.
Goldstein, D. G., E. J. Johnson, A. Herrmann, and M. Heitmann. 2008. ‘Nudge Your Customers toward Better Choices’. Harvard Business Review 86: 99.
Gollier, C. 2003. ‘To Insure or Not to Insure? An Insurance Puzzle’. Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance Theory 28: 5.
Government of Haiti. 2010. ‘Haiti Earthquake PDNA: Assessment of Damage, Losses, General and Sectoral Needs’. Port-au-Prince.
Government of Nepal. 2015. Nepal Earthquake 2015 Post Disaster Needs Assessment. Vol. A: Key Findings. Kathmandu: Government of Nepal National Planning Commission.
Government of Pakistan. 2011. ‘2011 Pakistan Floods: Preliminary Damage and Needs Assessment’. Government of Pakistan, World Bank, and Asian Development Bank.
Grosh, M., C. Andrews, R. Quintana, and C. Rodriguez-Alas. 2011. ‘Assessing Safety Net Readiness in Response to Food Price Volatility’. Social Protection Discussion Paper 1118, Social Protection and Labour, World Bank, Washington, September.
Gurenko, Eugene, Rodney Lester, Olivier Mahul, and Serap Oguz Gonulal. 2006. Earthquake Insurance in Turkey: History of the Turkish Catastrophe Insurance Pool. Washington: World Bank.
(p.126) Hallegatte, Stephane, Mook Bangalore, Laura Bonzanigo, Marianne Fay, Tamaro Kane, Ulf Narloch, Julie Rozenberg, David Treguer, and Adrien Vogt-Schilb. 2015. Shock Waves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty. Washington: World Bank.
Hazell, P. B. 1992. ‘The Appropriate Role of Agricultural Insurance in Developing Countries’. Journal of International Development 4: 567.
Healy, A., and N. Malhotra. 2009. ‘Myopic Voters and Natural Disaster Policy’. American Political Science Review 103: 387.
Hess, U., J. R. Skees, A. Stoppa, B. J. Barnett, and J. Nash. 2005. Managing Agricultural Production Risk: Innovations in Developing Countries. Washington: World Bank.
Hill, R. V, G. Gajate-Garrido, C. Phily, and A. Dalal. 2014. ‘Using Subsidies for Inclusive Insurance: Lessons from Agriculture and Health’. Microinsurance Innovation Facility Paper, 29, International Labour Organization, Geneva.
Hobson, M., and L. Campbell. 2012. ‘How Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) Is Responding to the Current Humanitarian Crisis in the Horn’. Humanitarian Exchange 53.
Hoddinott, John, Guush Berhane, Daniel O. Gilligan, Neha Kumar, and Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse. 2012. ‘The Impact of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Programme and Related Transfers on Agricultural Productivity’. Journal of African Economies 21: 761.
Hölmstrom, B. 1979. ‘Moral Hazard and Observability’. Bell Journal of Economics 10: 74.
Hsiang, S. M., and D. Narita. 2012. ‘Adaptation to Cyclone Risk: Evidence from the Global Cross-Section’. Climate Change Economics 3: 1.
IASC (Inter-Agency Standing Committee). 2014. ‘Inter-Agency Humanitarian Evaluation of the Typhoon Haiyan Response’. Prepared on behalf of the Inter-Agency Humanitarian Evaluation Steering Group, October.
Jaffee, D., and T. Russell. 2013. ‘The Welfare Economics of Catastrophe Losses and Insurance’. Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance-Issues and Practice 38: 469.
Janssen, Marijn, JinKyu Lee, Nitesh Nharosa, and Anthony Cresswell. 2010. ‘Advances in Multi-Agency Disaster Management: Key Elements in Disaster Research’. Information Systems Frontiers 12: 1.
Janzen, S. A., and M. R. Carter. 2013. After the Drought: The Impact of Microinsurance on Consumption Smoothing and Asset Protection. NBER Report No. w19702, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge.
Jensen, Nathaniel Duane, Christopher B. Barrett, and Andrew Mude. 2014. ‘Basis Risk and the Welfare Gains from Index Insurance: Evidence from (p.127) Northern Kenya’. Department of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University, Ithaca, December 10.
Kahneman, D. 2011. Thinking, Fast and Slow. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Kahneman, D., J. L. Knetsch, and R. H. Thaler. 1991. ‘Anomalies: The Endowment Effect, Loss Aversion, and Status Quo Bias’. Journal of Economic Perspectives 5: 193.
Kaplow, L. 1991. ‘Incentives and Government Relief for Risk’. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 4: 167.
Kapucu, Naim. 2006. ‘Interagency Communication Networks during Emergencies—Boundary Spanners in Multiagency Coordination’. American Review of Public Administration 36: 207.
Karlan, Dean, Robert Darko Osei, Isaac Osei-Akoto, and Christopher Udry. 2012. ‘Agricultural Decisions after Relaxing Credit and Risk Constraints’. NBER Working Paper 18463, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge.
Kirkwood, J. B. 2009. The History of Mexico. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.
Kousky, C., E. O. Michel-Kerjan, and P. Raschky. 2013. ‘Does Federal Disaster Assistance Crowd Out Private Demand for Insurance?’ Risk Management and Decision Processes Center, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania.
Kucharski, Adam J., Anton Camacho, Stefan Flasche, Rebecca E. Glover, W. John Edmunds, and Sebastian Fund. 2015. ‘Measuring the Impact of Ebola Control Measures in Sierra Leone’. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States 112: 14366.
Kunreuther, Howard. 2015. ‘The Role of Insurance in Reducing Losses from Extreme Events: The Need for Public–Private Partnerships’. Geneva Risk and Insurance Review 4: 741.
Kunreuther, Howard C., and E. O. Michel-Kerjan. 2009. At War with the Weather: Managing Large-Scale Risks in a New Era of Catastrophes. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Kunreuther, Howard, and M. Pauly. 2006. ‘Rules Rather than Discretion: Lessons from Hurricane Katrina’. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 33: 101.
Kydland, Finn E., and Edward C. Prescott. 1977. ‘Rules Rather than Discretion: The Inconsistency of Optimal Plans’. Journal of Political Economy 85: 473.
Lacker, J. M., and J. A. Weinberg. 1989. ‘Optimal Contracts under Costly State Falsification’. Journal of Political Economy 97: 1345–63.
Lam, J. 2014. Enterprise Risk Management: From Incentives to Controls. Hoboken: John Wiley.
(p.128) Ley-Borrás, R., and B. D. Fox. 2015. ‘Using Probabilistic Models to Appraise and Decide on Sovereign Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance’. Policy Research Working Paper 7358, World Bank, Washington.
Lindbeck, A., and J. W. Weibull. 1988. ‘Altruism and Time Consistency: The Economics of Fait Accompli’. Journal of Political Economy 96: 1165.
Linnerooth-Bayer, J., R. Mechler, and S. Hochrainer. 2011. ‘Insurance against Losses from Natural Disasters in Developing Countries. Evidence, Gaps and the Way Forward’. IDRiM Journal 1: 59.
Lucas, Robert E., Jr. 1976. ‘Econometric Policy Evaluation: A Critique’. Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy 1: 19.
Madrian, B., and D. Shea. 2001. ‘The Power of Suggestion: Inertia in 401(k) Participation and Savings Behavior’. Quarterly Journal of Economics 116: 1149.
Mahul, Olivier, and Charles Stutley. 2010. Government Support to Agricultural Insurance: Challenges and Options for Developing Countries. Washington: World Bank.
McCulloch, S., J. Skees, J. Hartell, D. Bierenbaum, B. Collier, and S. Young. 2015. Disaster Resilient Microfinance: A New Model for Disaster Preparedness and Response for Microfinance Institutions. London: UKAid, World Vision, Vision Fund International.
Mitter, Rana. 2013. Forgotten Ally: China’s World War II 1937–1945. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Mobarak, Ahmed Mushfiq, and Mark R. Rosenzweig. 2012. ‘Selling Formal Insurance to the Informally Insured’. Yale Economics Department Working Paper No. 97; Yale University Economic Growth Center Discussion Paper No. 1007, Yale University, New Haven, February 1.
Morsink, K. 2015. ‘Redistribution and Implicit Punishment. Experimental Evidence from Ethiopian Farmers’ Risk-Taking Decisions’. Department of Economics, University of Oxford.
Muir-Wood, Robert. 2012. ‘The Christchurch Earthquakes of 2010 and 2011’. Geneva Reports 5.
Munich Re. 2013. Claims Management Following Natural Catastrophes. Munich: Munich Re.
Murtaza, N. 2015. Second Independent Evaluation of the Start Fund. London: Start Network.
Nocco, Brian W., and René M. Stulz. 2006. ‘Enterprise Risk Management: Theory and Practice’. Journal of Applied Corporate Finance 18: 8.
O’Donoghue, T., and M. Rabin. 1999. ‘Doing It Now or Later’. American Economic Review 89: 103.
Osborne, M. J., and A. Rubinstein. 1990. Bargaining and Markets. San Diego: Academic Press.
(p.129) Overseas Development Institute and Centre for Global Development. 2015. ‘Doing Cash Differently. How Cash Transfers Can Transform Humanitarian Aid. Report of the High Level Panel on Humanitarian Cash Transfers’. London.
Pelham, L., E. Clay, and T. Braunholz. 2011. ‘Natural Disasters: What Is the Role for Social Safety Nets?’ Social Protection Discussion Paper No. 1102, Social Protection and Labour, World Bank, Washington.
Phaup, Marvin, and Charlotte Kirschner. 2010. ‘Budgeting for Disasters: Focusing on the Good Times’. OECD Journal on Budgeting 10/1.
Picard, P. 2008. ‘Natural Disaster Insurance and the Equity–Efficiency Trade-Off’. Journal of Risk and Insurance 75: 17.
Pomeroy, G. 2010. Testimony before the House Committee on Financial Services. Hearing on Approaches to Mitigating and Managing Natural Catastrophe Risk, H.R. 2555, Homeowners’ Defense Act, 111th Cong., 2nd Sess., 10 March.
Pronovost, Peter, et al. 2006. ‘An Intervention to Decrease Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infections in the ICU’. New England Journal of Medicine 355: 2725.
Puri, Jyotsna, Anastasia Aladysheva, Vegard Iversen, Yashodhan Ghorp, and Tilman Bruck. 2015. ‘What Methods May Be Used in Impact Evaluations of Humanitarian Assistance?’ IZA Discussion Paper 8755, Institute for the Study of Labor, Bonn, January.
Raschky, Paul A., and Hannelore Weck-Hannemann. 2007. ‘Charity Hazard: A Real Hazard to Natural Disaster Insurance?’ Working Papers in Economics and Statistics No. 2007–04, Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck.
Reeves, A. 2011. ‘Political Disaster: Unilateral Powers, Electoral Incentives, and Presidential Disaster Declarations’. Journal of Politics 73: 1142.
RISEPAK (Relief Information System for Earthquakes—Pakistan). 2005. ‘Coordinating Disaster Relief Efforts: A New Tool for Relief Operations in Pakistan’. Center for International Development at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA <http://cid.harvard.edu>.
Ritov, I., and J. Baron. 1992. ‘Status-Quo and Omission Biases’. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 5: 49.
Roth J. 2001. ‘Informal Microinsurance Schemes—The Case of Funeral Insurance in South Africa’. Small Enterprise Development 12: 39.
Rutherford, S. 2001. The Poor and Their Money. Oxford: Oxford India Paperbacks, Oxford University Press.
Sainath, Palagummi. 2000. Stories from India’s Poorest Districts. London: Penguin Books.
(p.130) Samuelson, William, and Richard Zeckhauser. 1988. ‘Status Quo Bias in Decision Making’. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 1: 7.
Sen, Amartya. 1983. ‘Development: Which Way Now?’ Economic Journal 93: 745.
Sen, Amartya. 2009. The Idea of Justice. London: Allen Lane.
Simon, Herbert A. 1956. ‘Rational Choice and the Structure of the Environment’. Psychological Review 63: 129.
Skees, J., P. B. Hazell, and M. Miranda. 1999. ‘New Approaches to Crop Yield Insurance in Developing Countries’. No. 55, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington.
Slater, R., and D. Bhuvanendra. 2014. ‘Scaling Up Existing Social Safety Nets to Provide Humanitarian Response: A Case Study of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Programme and Kenya’s Hunger Safety Net Programme’. Fit for the Future Social Protection Thematic Study, Cash Learning Partnership (CaLP).
Stephenson, Max. 2005. ‘Making Humanitarian Relief Networks More Effective: Operational Coordination, Trust and Sense-Making’. Disasters 29: 337.
Strömberg, D. 2007. ‘Natural Disasters, Economic Development, and Humanitarian Aid’. Journal of Economic Perspectives 21: 199.
Swiss Re. 2014. ‘Natural Catastrophes and Man-Made Disasters in 2013: Large Losses from Floods and Hail; Haiyan Hits the Philippines’. Sigma 1/2014.
Swiss Re. 2015. ‘Natural Catastrophes and Man-Made Disasters in 2014: Convective and Winter Storms Generate Most Losses’. Sigma (February).
Taylor, John B. 1993. ‘Discretion versus Policy Rules in Practice’. Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy 39: 195.
TCIP (Turkish Catastrophe Insurance Pool). 2013. Doğal Afet Sigortalari Kurumu Zorunlu Deprem Sigortasi Faaliyet Raporu.
Thaler, R., and S. Bernatzi. 2004. ‘Save More Tomorrow: Using Behavioral Economics to Increase Employee Saving’. Journal of Political Economy 112: S164.
Thaler, Richard, and Cass Sunstein. 2008. Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth and Happiness. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Thomson, R. J., and D. B. Posel. 2002. ‘The Management of Risk by Burial Societies in South Africa’. South African Actuarial Journal 2: 83.
Townsend, R. M. 1979. ‘Optimal Contracts and Competitive Markets with Costly State Verification’. Journal of Economic Theory 21: 265.
Trenerry, C. F. 1926. The Origin and Early History of Insurance: Including the Contract of Bottomry. London: P. S. King and Son.
Turkish Statistical Institute. 2013. ‘Population and Housing Census, 2011’. News release no. 15843, 31 January.
(p.131) Tversky, Amos, and Daniel Kahneman. 1974. ‘Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases’. Science 185: 1124.
UNISDR (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction). 2011. Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2011: Revealing Risk, Redefining Development. Geneva: UNISDR.
UNISDR (United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction). 2015. Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2015: Making Development Sustainable: The Future of Disaster Risk Management. Geneva: UNISDR.
Van Asseldonk, M. A., M. P. Meuwissen, and R. B. Huirne. 2002. ‘Belief in Disaster Relief and the Demand for a Public–Private Insurance Program’. Review of Agricultural Economics 24: 196.
Van Wassenhove, L. N. 2006. ‘Humanitarian Aid Logistics: Supply Chain Management in High Gear’. Journal of the Operational Research Society 57: 475.
Verdin, J., C. Funk, G. Senay, and R. Choularton. 2005. ‘Climate Science and Famine Early Warning’. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 360: 2155.
Von Peter, Goetz, Sebastian von Dahlen, and Sweta C. Saxena. 2012. ‘Unmitigated Disasters? New Evidence on the Macroeconomic Cost of Natural Catastrophes’. BIS Working Paper No. 394, 1 December.
Von Ungern-Sternberg, T. 2004. Efficient Monopolies: The Limits of Competition in the European Property Insurance Market. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
WHO (World Health Organization). 2015. ‘Report of the Ebola Interim Assessment Panel’. Geneva, July.
Wolde Mariam, Mesfin. 1986. ‘Rural Vulnerability to Famine in Ethiopia: 1958–77’. London: Intermediate Technology Publications.
World Bank. 2010. Natural Hazards, Unnatural Disasters: The Economics of Effective Prevention. Washington: World Bank.
World Bank. 2012. ‘FONDEN: Mexico’s Natural Disaster Fund—A Review’. Washington <http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2012/05/17291287/fonden-mexicos-natural-disaster-fund-review>.
World Bank. 2013. Building Resilience: Integrating Climate and Disaster Risk into Development—Lessons from World Bank Group Experience. Washington: World Bank.
World Bank. 2014a. Financial Protection against Natural Disasters: An Operational Framework for Disaster Risk Financing and Insurance. Washington: World Bank.
World Bank. 2014b. World Development Report 2014: Risk and Opportunity: Managing Risk for Development. Washington: World Bank.
World Bank. 2015. Pacific Catastrophe Risk Insurance Pilot: From Design to Implementation: Some Lessons Learned. Washington: World Bank.
Zeimpekis, Vasileios, Soumia Ichoua, and Ioannis Minis, eds. 2013. Humanitarian and Relief Logistics. London: Springer. (p.132)