I and I
I and I
Immunity to Error through Misidentification of the Subject
This chapter argues for the following claims about self-consciousness:  all uses of I (i.e. the word ‘I’ or thought-element I) are absolutely immune to error through misidentification relative to I, or ‘IEM’.  no genuine use of I in self-reference can fail to refer. Nevertheless  I isn’t univocal: it doesn’t always refer to the same thing, or kind of thing, even in the thought or speech of a single person. This is so even though  I always refers to its user, the subject of experience who speaks or thinks;  if I’m thinking about something specifically as myself, I can’t fail to be thinking of myself;  a genuine understanding use of I always involves the subject thinking of itself as itself, whatever else it does or doesn’t involve;  if I take myself to be thinking about myself, then I am thinking about myself.
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