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Justice in ConflictThe Effects of the International Criminal Court’s Interventions on Ending Wars and Building Peace$
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Mark Kersten

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198777144

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198777144.001.0001

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Peace, Justice, and the ICC’s Intervention in Libya

Peace, Justice, and the ICC’s Intervention in Libya

(p.115) 6 Peace, Justice, and the ICC’s Intervention in Libya
Justice in Conflict

Mark Kersten

Oxford University Press

Chapter 6 begins with an overview of the causes and dynamics of the Libyan Revolution and the civil war between the Gaddafi regime and the Libyan opposition. The core of the chapter examines the empirical effects of the ICC on the conflict and attempts to initiate direct peace negotiations between the regime and the Libyan opposition. The effects of the Court’s intervention on four issues are examined: the conflict narrative and dominant understanding of the Libyan conflict; the attitudes and incentives of the actors involved in the war towards negotiations; the mediation strategies employed to encourage the rebels and the Gaddafi regime to negotiate and determine the fate of Gaddafi; and the potential emergence of a ripe moment for a negotiated settlement to the civil war. The chapter ends with an analysis of whether any of the actors that intimated, at any point, an interest in negotiating a settlement between the regime and the opposition forces could have successfully done so. Five actors are considered here: the Libyan opposition; Muammar Gaddafi; Saif al-Islam Gaddafi; the African Union; and the intervening NATO forces.

Keywords:   ICC, conflict resolution, peace negotiations, peace processes, Libya, Muammar Gaddafi

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