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EU Justice and Home Affairs LawVolume II: EU Criminal Law, Policing, and Civil Law$
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Steve Peers

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198776840

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198776840.001.0001

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Policing and Security

Policing and Security

(p.261) 7 Policing and Security
EU Justice and Home Affairs Law

Steve Peers

Oxford University Press

The effective prevention and investigation of crime, particularly violent crime, is a basic desire in every society. But in this area there is an acute tension between civil liberties and security objectives. It is obvious that the greater the level of supervision and control of the public, the easier it is to prevent crime and to investigate it more effectively. Yet, even putting aside their cost and practicality, such measures erode the extent of freedom in society. There is as a result a continuing debate over the right balance to be struck between the two objectives. This chapter focuses on law enforcement within the European Union, beginning with an examination of the institutional framework as it has developed over time, an overview of measures adopted, and an examination of the relevant issues of legal competence, territorial scope, human rights, and overlaps with non-JHA EU law. It then analyses in turn EU measures concerning crime prevention, the collection and exchange of data relating to policing, other forms of cooperation between national law enforcement authorities, the operation of Europol (the EU’s law enforcement agency), and cross-border police operations. Finally, it examines the issues of administrative cooperation and EU funding and EU external relations in the field of policing law.

Keywords:   crime prevention, EU measures, cross-border police, EU funding, EU external relations, policing law, institutional framework, Europol

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