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Historians and the Church of EnglandReligion and Historical Scholarship, 1870–1920$
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James Kirby

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198768159

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198768159.001.0001

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The Anglican Historians

The Anglican Historians

(p.20) 2 The Anglican Historians
Historians and the Church of England

James Kirby

Oxford University Press

This chapter has the dual function of surveying the theological background to Anglican historiography and of introducing the leading Anglican historians of the period. Its first section examines the impetus given to the study of the past by the Oxford Movement (Tractarianism), focusing on historians such as E. A. Freeman, William Stubbs, Mandell Creighton, and R. W. Dixon. It argues that Tractarian, High Church, and Anglo-Catholic thought should be taken seriously as an intellectual movement linked to Romanticism and medievalism. It also explores the later phenomenon of Cambridge Anglo-Catholicism (J. N. Figgis and William Cunningham). The second section turns to Broad Church historians (J. R. Green, J. R. Seeley, Arnold Toynbee, W. J. Ashley) and considers the contribution of ‘liberal Anglican’ and idealist thought to historiography. The final section addresses the near-absence of Evangelicals from historical scholarship, both within the Church of England and in Nonconformist denominations.

Keywords:   Oxford Movement, Tractarianism, Anglo-Catholicism, liberal Anglicanism, idealism, medievalism, Evangelicalism, Anglicanism, William Stubbs, E. A. Freeman

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