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Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 2Moral Responsibility,  Structural Injustice, and Ethics$
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Michael Brownstein and Jennifer Saul

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198766179

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766179.001.0001

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Reducing Racial Bias

Reducing Racial Bias

Attitudinal and Institutional Change

(p.173) 2.2 Reducing Racial Bias
Implicit Bias and Philosophy, Volume 2

Anne Jacobson

Oxford University Press

Discussions of implicit bias are often at least covertly individualistic. Looking particularly at the case of implicit bias in educational fields in Western societies, I argue that our increasing understanding of the underlying biology must be coordinated with an appreciation of how social categories can be constructed and how social structures encourage discrimination. To construct an analogy, I discuss how the development of basic visual categories involves both biological processes within individuals as well as the encoding of socially constructed categories. I then focus on (1) social roles and relations in institutions that can cause and sustain bias and (2) cronyism and other practices of rewards that engage selective reciprocity.

Keywords:   individualism, vision, social roles, institutions, cronyism

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