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The Chinese MafiaOrganized Crime, Corruption, and Extra-Legal Protection$
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Peng Wang

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198758402

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758402.001.0001

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The Mafia and the State

The Mafia and the State

(p.173) 7 The Mafia and the State
The Chinese Mafia

Peng Wang

Oxford University Press

By comparing mafias in China and Western countries, notably Italy, this chapter explores the differences between mafias in a democratic state and those in an authoritarian state from three main perspectives: emergence, operation, and relationships with politicians. The chapter is divided into four sections. The first briefly reviews the Sicilian model of mafia emergence. In the second, the author explains why the Sicilian model cannot be used to interpret the rise of Chinese-style criminal protection groups, and proposes a Chinese model of mafia emergence that incorporates the concept of guanxi into the discussion of the rise of extra-legal protectors in mainland China. The third section compares the relationship between the mafia and politics in Italy and China. The final section offers implications and directions for future research.

Keywords:   extra-legal protection, guanxi, mafia emergence, politics, research implications, state failure, the Chinese mafia, the Sicilian mafia

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