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The Chinese MafiaOrganized Crime, Corruption, and Extra-Legal Protection$
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Peng Wang

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198758402

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758402.001.0001

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The Black Mafia

The Black Mafia

(p.97) 4 The Black Mafia
The Chinese Mafia

Peng Wang

Oxford University Press

Chapter 4 elaborates the ways in which local gangs (Black Mafia) take advantage of China’s modernization. The Black Mafia emerges when the state fails to meet society’s demand for protection. By examining two cases (underground police organizations and in-house hospital security teams), the chapter investigates how gangsters and illegal entrepreneurs offer protection to private individuals and legitimate entrepreneurs, solve medical disputes for local hospitals, and help local and regional authorities deal with the problem of ‘nail households’ (local residents who refuse to relocate when they are offered what they consider insufficient compensation from local developers and without consideration for the rule of law).

Keywords:   Black Mafia, corruption, debt collection, extortion, gangs, guanxi, medical disputes, quasi law enforcement, soft violence, stalking

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