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The Chinese MafiaOrganized Crime, Corruption, and Extra-Legal Protection$
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Peng Wang

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198758402

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758402.001.0001

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Gangs as Pseudo-government

Gangs as Pseudo-government

(p.24) 2 Gangs as Pseudo-government
The Chinese Mafia

Peng Wang

Oxford University Press

Chapter 2 presents the history of Chinse organized crime in late imperial and modern China (1500–1949) with particular emphasis on the rise of the Shanghai Green Gang as a pseudo-government in the first half of the twentieth century. A period of warfare between 1912 and 1945 made the Chinese government unable to satisfy people’s basic needs; this created favourable conditions for the emergence of private organizations providing primitive state functions. The Shanghai Green Gang, one of the most powerful criminal syndicates in Chinese history, is analysed to show the links between the fragmented state and the gang’s development, and how the gang protected marginalized people, governed the Shanghai criminal underworld, and exerted significant influence on legal markets.

Keywords:   banking, Du Yuesheng, gambling, gang rules, opium trade, secret societies, smuggling, the Green Gang, the Red Gang, the Heaven and Earth Society

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