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The Natural and the Human
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The Natural and the Human: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1739–1841

Stephen Gaukroger

Abstract

Science in the West since the seventeenth century has undergone a unique form of cumulative development in which it has been consolidated through integration into and shaping of a culture. But in the eighteenth century, science was cut loose from the legitimating culture in which it had had a public rationale as a fruitful and worthwhile form of enquiry. What kept it afloat between the middle of the eighteenth and the middle of the nineteenth centuries, when its legitimacy began to hinge on an intimate link with technology? The answer lies in large part in an abrupt but fundamental shift in ho ... More

Keywords: Enlightenment, science, philosophical anthropology, anthropological medicine, natural history of man, social arithmetic

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780198757634
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198757634.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Stephen Gaukroger, author
University of Sydney