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The Ethics of Human EnhancementUnderstanding the Debate$
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Steve Clarke, Julian Savulescu, Tony Coady, Alberto Giubilini, and Sagar Sanyal

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198754855

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754855.001.0001

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Enhancing Conservatism

Enhancing Conservatism

(p.145) 10 Enhancing Conservatism
The Ethics of Human Enhancement

Rebecca Roache

Julian Savulescu

Oxford University Press

Debate between bioliberals (who adopt a permissive view about human enhancement) and bioconservatives (who oppose it) often fails to be constructive, since bioliberals are often dismissive of the conservative values to which bioconservatives frequently appeal. As a result, bioconservative opposition to enhancement remains poorly understood by bioliberals. This chapter attempts to increase this understanding first by identifying conservative values underlying bioconservative opposition to enhancement, and second by considering on what grounds bioconservatives might object to the biological enhancement of bioconservative values. By identifying grounds that appeal to values shared by both bioconservatives and bioliberals, it aims to provide a platform on which human enhancement can be constructively debated by bioliberals and bioconservatives. The chapter closes by focusing on John Stuart Mill’s arguments in favour of originality as possible support for bioconservative argument.

Keywords:   John Stuart Mill, bioliberals, bioconservative

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