Luthermania, Germania, and the Novus Ordo Seclorum
After briefly mentioning some Reformation-related commemorations that took place after the tercentenary in 1817, this chapter profiles the 400th anniversary of Martin Luther’s birth in 1883 as it was celebrated in Germany (which had achieved national unity in 1871) and in the United States. It argues that while, again, older religious motivations persisted, these commemorations bore witness to a pungent nationalism and/or to a type of “civil religion” as it manifested itself in these two nation-states. Throughout, this chapter also looks at some of the monuments that were erected in the nineteenth century to commemorate Martin Luther and the Reformation.
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