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Excitons and Cooper PairsTwo Composite Bosons in Many-Body Physics$
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Monique Combescot and Shiue-Yuan Shiau

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198753735

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753735.001.0001

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Composite Bosons

Composite Bosons

(p.433) 19 Composite Bosons
Excitons and Cooper Pairs

Monique Combescot

Shiue-Yuan Shiau

Oxford University Press

Chapter 19 addresses bosonic condensation in composite bosons. It first considers the coboson ground-state energy, which is analytically known by now in the case of N Cooper pairs interacting via the reduced BCS potential but not yet known for N Wannier or Frenkel excitons, owing to the complexity of the Coulomb potential. Still, the chapter provides hints on how to derive the density linear term of the N-exciton ground-state energy in the case of Wannier excitons. It also discusses the role of the exciton composite nature in condensate momentum fragmentation, spin fragmentation, and condensate brightness. Indeed, the excitons that have the lowest energy and thus are the ones expected to condense are not coupled to light; so, the exciton condensate must be dark. However, a bright exciton condensate can appear, coherent with the dark exciton condensate, above a density threshold, owing to coupling induced by carrier exchange between dark excitons and bright excitons.

Keywords:   bosonic condensation, N-exciton ground-state energy, momentum fragmentation, spin fragmentation, dark exciton condensate, condensate brightness, carrier exchange

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