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Urban Craftsmen and Traders in the Roman World$
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Andrew Wilson and Miko Flohr

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198748489

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748489.001.0001

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The Social Organization of Commerce and Crafts in Ancient Arles: Heterogeneity, Hierarchy, and Patronage

The Social Organization of Commerce and Crafts in Ancient Arles: Heterogeneity, Hierarchy, and Patronage

Chapter:
(p.254) 11 The Social Organization of Commerce and Crafts in Ancient Arles: Heterogeneity, Hierarchy, and Patronage
Source:
Urban Craftsmen and Traders in the Roman World
Author(s):

Nicolas Tran

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748489.003.0012

This chapter provides a case study discussing the professional associations in the harbour economy of Arles, showing that there was a clear hierarchy of professional associations, with the navicularii at the top, but with key occupations, particularly negotiatores and mercatores, almost completely lacking from the record. The chapter argues that the specific context of Arles meant that these people played a central role in the local community as, for example, seviri augustales, and preferred to refer to their political, rather than to their occupational, identity. At Arles, these people constituted a ‘plebeian’ elite, whose existence emphasizes the integration of crafts and trade into the urban community.

Keywords:   Roman traders, Roman economy, Arles, professional associations, collegia, negotiatores, harbour economy

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