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The Penultimate CuriosityHow Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions$
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Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198747956

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.001.0001

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Through the Academy Door

Through the Academy Door

Chapter:
(p.84) Chapter Ten Through the Academy Door
Source:
The Penultimate Curiosity
Author(s):

Roger Wagner

Andrew Briggs

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0010

In wake of Socrates’ execution, Plato left Athens and travelled to Italy where he formed a lasting relationship with the Pythagorean community at Tarentum led by Archytas, who seems to have had a significant impact on the development of his thinking. This chapter discusses Plato’s initiation of religiously motivated mathematical and astronomical studies; Aristotle’s arche; the emergence of Stoicism and Epicureanism; and the anti-scientific aspect of Epicurean philosophy. The final section deals with the export of Greek philosophy throughout the known world, which brought it into contact with a religious tradition that had very different roots. The meeting between Hellenistic science and the three Abrahamic religions—first Judaism, then Christianity, and later Islam—would in time radically reframe the way in which the relationship between divine order and the physical world was conceived.

Keywords:   Socrates, Plato, Greek philosophers, philosophy, Pythagoreans, mathematics, Archytas, Artistotle, arche, Stoicism

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