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The Triple Challenge for EuropeEconomic Development, Climate Change, and Governance$
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Jan Fagerberg, Staffan Laestadius, and Ben R. Martin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198747413

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747413.001.0001

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Lessons from Germany’s Energiewende

Lessons from Germany’s Energiewende

(p.172) (p.173) 7 Lessons from Germany’s Energiewende
The Triple Challenge for Europe

Volkmar Lauber

Staffan Jacobsson

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the German Energiewende which was designed as a long-term strategy in support of a transition to sustainability in energy supply. It was also a response to the challenge of globalization in that it aimed to improve Germany’s competitive position by stimulating the development of new capital goods industries and reducing fossil-fuel imports. Hence, Energiewende is a way to meet the triple challenge in the field of energy. During its first decades, it was successful in enabling the deployment of a range of new technologies, the formation of innovative capital goods industries, and securing public support. Since 2010, however, a reassessment by political elites has led to the slowdown and redesign of Energiewende. Lessons are drawn from the German experience of managing this strategy which demands the kind of long-term thinking, staying power, and public support discussed in this book as a prerequisite for effective governance.

Keywords:   Energiewende, energy transition, renewable energy, electricity incumbents, nuclear phase-out, decarbonization

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