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George WhitefieldLife, Context, and Legacy$
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Geordan Hammond and David Ceri Jones

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198747079

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747079.001.0001

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Whitefield, John Wesley, and Revival Leadership

Whitefield, John Wesley, and Revival Leadership

Chapter:
(p.98) 6 Whitefield, John Wesley, and Revival Leadership
Source:
George Whitefield
Author(s):

Geordan Hammond

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747079.003.0007

This chapter examines the relationship between Whitefield and John Wesley with a particular focus on the emergence of tension followed by conflict relating to their leadership in the early revival in Bristol. Whitefield progressed from being mentored by Wesley to pioneering for him the experience of evangelical conversion, engaging in open-air preaching, and leading the revival in London and Bristol. Tensions emerged as Wesley continued to assume a role of directing Whitefield after the latter had become a popular evangelical preacher sure of God’s divine favour upon his ministry. Public conflict and division followed Wesley’s fateful decision to cast lots directing him to ‘preach and print’ against the Calvinist doctrine of predestination. This chapter sheds new light on the development of their relationship as illustrated by the progression of Whitefield’s signatures of his letters to Wesley from a ‘humble servant’ to a ‘son and servant’ to a ‘brother and servant’.

Keywords:   Oxford Methodism, John Wesley, Bristol, revival, open-air preaching, revival leadership, casting lots, free grace, Calvinism

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