Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
George WhitefieldLife, Context, and Legacy$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Geordan Hammond and David Ceri Jones

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198747079

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747079.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 18 January 2019

Whitefield and the Enlightenment

Whitefield and the Enlightenment

(p.64) 4 Whitefield and the Enlightenment
George Whitefield

Frank Lambert

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses George Whitefield’s appropriation of Enlightenment themes to explain his central message of the necessity of a spiritual new birth. While he thought that Enlightenment thinkers sometimes emphasized the head over the heart, he nonetheless embraced such ideas as the reasoning self, human experience as a means to knowledge, and the dead hand of the past. At the same time, he attacked Protestant thinkers, whom he called reasoners, who, in his opinion, distorted the gospel through emphasizing reason over revelation and the natural over the supernatural. Whitefield made John Tillotson his favourite whipping boy by assailing the archbishop’s application of Enlightenment teachings that, Whitefield thought, reduced the gospel to moral behaviour and dismissed such Protestant doctrines as original sin and eternal punishment. However, Whitefield too came under attack when opponents charged him with enthusiasm.

Keywords:   Enlightenment, new birth, John Tillotson, evangelical revivals, reason, enthusiasm, heart religion

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .