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Foreign Pressure and the Politics of Autocratic Survival$
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Abel Escribà-Folch and Joseph Wright

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198746997

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746997.001.0001

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Naming and Shaming Dictatorships

Naming and Shaming Dictatorships

(p.154) 6 Naming and Shaming Dictatorships
Foreign Pressure and the Politics of Autocratic Survival

Abel Escribà-Folch

Joseph Wright

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores how international campaigns to name and shame human rights abusers influence politics in targeted regimes. The chapter outlines three mechanisms that might link shaming campaigns to autocratic (in)stability. First, shaming may increase domestic pressure on the target regime in countries with strong human rights norms; in these cases shaming can bolster domestic opposition groups and can alter the preferences of elites. Second, shaming may push international organizations and democratic countries to materially punish targeted regimes by reducing aid and imposing new sanctions. Third, shaming may raise exit costs for targeted elites. These arguments are tested using cross-national data; the chapter finds that naming and shaming campaigns are associated with democratic transitions, but only in military regimes. The argument is illustrated with a case study of the international shaming campaign against military rule in Chile under General Augusto Pinochet.

Keywords:   human rights shaming, norms, repression, punishment, regime change, military regimes, Chile

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