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The Enforcement of EU Law and ValuesEnsuring Member States' Compliance$
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András Jakab and Dimitry Kochenov

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198746560

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746560.001.0001

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A Democracy Commission of One’s Own, or What it would take for the EU to safeguard Liberal Democracy in its Member States

A Democracy Commission of One’s Own, or What it would take for the EU to safeguard Liberal Democracy in its Member States

Chapter:
(p.234) 13 A Democracy Commission of One’s Own, or What it would take for the EU to safeguard Liberal Democracy in its Member States
Source:
The Enforcement of EU Law and Values
Author(s):

Jan-Werner Müller

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746560.003.0014

This chapter proposes a new institution to remedy the EU’s current democracy protection deficit, tentatively called the ‘Copenhagen Commission’. The idea is to create an EU-specific democracy and Rule of Law watchdog, an institution which in certain respects would be comparable to the Council of Europe’s Venice Commission. Before suggesting alternatives to existing approaches, the chapter first considers what it would take for democracy and Rule of Law protection to function properly. It then seeks to specify what it would take for the EU in particular to protect liberal democracy within Member States. After expanding on the institutional setup and powers of the Copenhagen Commission, the chapter concludes by addressing a number of common objections to this proposal, as well as discussing some necessarily speculative thoughts about the conditions under which the proposal might be implemented.

Keywords:   Copenhagen Commission, EU-specific democracy, liberal democracy, militant democracy, democracy protection, democratic self-defence

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