This introductory chapter puts emphasis on defiance as one of the most important crises facing the EU today. It briefly showcases the apparent inability of the Union to be effective in ensuring that all its Member States comply with the principles and values underlying the integration project in Europe. An array of countries ranging from Hungary and Greece to Poland illustrates this point. While the values in question are spelled out in the Treaties in an overwhelmingly clear fashion, trying to come up with clear examples of their successful enforcement by the Union should problems arise would leave a sense of loss. Defiance in the face of the EU, including not only the letter and the spirit of the acquis sensu stricto, but also seemingly the very values on which the Union is built, has thus come to affect the Union profoundly.
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