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Horace’s EpodesContexts, Intertexts, and Reception$
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Philippa Bather and Claire Stocks

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198746058

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746058.001.0001

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Horace’s noxiosissimum corpus

Horace’s noxiosissimum corpus

Horatian Impotence (Epodes) and Moderation (Satires, Epistles 1) at Petronius Satyricon 130

(p.199) 8 Horace’s noxiosissimum corpus
Horace’s Epodes

Philippa Bather

Oxford University Press

This chapter on Horatian impotence and moderation in Petronius’ Satyricon 130 also touches upon the intertextual relationship between Ovid and Horace’s Epodes. The author argues that Horace serves as a frame of reference for Petronius far more than previously realized, noting that Satyricon 130, which has long been recognized as drawing upon Ovid’s Amores 3.7, also responds to Horace’s Epodes, which are themselves a source of influence for Ovid’s Amores. Moreover, it is observed that the problem of Petronius’ erstwhile hero Encolpius is particularly Horatian: impotence. So, too, Encolpius’ solution to the problem is also Horatian, as he prescribes for himself a course of moderation. In drawing upon Horace’s Epodes for the problem, and the Satires and Epistles for the solution, Petronius—this chapter argues argues—corrupts Horace with Horace, employing a Horatian course of moderation designed to satisfy the immoderate desires of Encolpius’ body.

Keywords:   Horace, Epodes, Petronius, impotence, moderation, Satires, Satyricon, Ovid, Amores, Encolpius

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