Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 5$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Mark Timmons

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198744665

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744665.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 19 July 2018

Fairness, Participation, and the Real Problem of Collective Harm

Fairness, Participation, and the Real Problem of Collective Harm

Chapter:
(p.245) 11 Fairness, Participation, and the Real Problem of Collective Harm
Source:
Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 5
Author(s):

Julia Nefsky

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744665.003.0012

In many cases people collectively cause a morally significant outcome but no individual act seems to make a difference, and so no reason can called upon to act. This chapter explores the possibility of solving this problem by appealing to reasons for action that are not concerned with the difference one makes in outcome. It focuses on three such proposals: ‘Weak Participation’, ‘Strong Participation’, and ‘the Fairness Approach’, arguing that they face a shared problem: while they do identify considerations other than the difference one makes, these considerations do not seem to work as reasons for action as long as one’s act won’t make a difference. The problem, then, extends beyond these three proposals, and is a challenge for non-consequentialists, as well as consequentialists. The upshot is a sharper understanding of what the core challenge in these cases really is, and thus what needs to be done to address it.

Keywords:   climate change, collective, collective action, difference-making, fairness, free-riding, non-consequentialism, overdetermination, participation, voting

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .