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Arabic-Islamic Views of the Latin WestTracing the Emergence of Medieval Europe$
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Daniel G. König

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198737193

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737193.001.0001

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From the Patriarch of Rome to the Pope

From the Patriarch of Rome to the Pope

(p.231) 7 From the Patriarch of Rome to the Pope
Arabic-Islamic Views of the Latin West

Daniel G. König

Oxford University Press

Chapter 7 analyses how Arabic-Islamic scholars depicted the papacy. Eastern Christian recollections of Late Antiquity provided Arabic-Islamic scholars in the Middle East of the ninth and tenth centuries with information about the late antique patriarch of Rome. Contacts in the border zones furnished additional material about the spiritual authority of the Roman patriarch, alias ‘the pope’, among Christians from the Frankish sphere. Although Arabic-Islamic scholars do not seem to have been aware of the direct papal correspondence with various Muslim rulers in the first half of the thirteenth century, Middle Eastern scholars recorded the papacy’s endorsement and active support of Latin-Christian expansionism as well as its conflict with the Staufen dynasty. In contrast, scholars from the Muslim West largely ignored the papacy. Taken together, however, Arabic-Islamic scholarship traced the rise of the Roman patriarch of Late Antiquity to one of the most important leaders of Christendom.

Keywords:   papacy, patriarchs, Rome, crusades, Staufen dynasty, Latin-Christian expansionism, papal correspondence, Christianity, Christendom

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