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A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central EuropeVolume I: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Long Nineteenth Century'$
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Balázs Trencsényi, Maciej Janowski, Monika Baar, Maria Falina, and Michal Kopecek

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198737148

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737148.001.0001

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Brotherhood and Disappointment

Brotherhood and Disappointment

1848 and its Aftermath

(p.236) 6 Brotherhood and Disappointment
A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe

Balázs Trencsényi

Maciej Janowski

Mónika Baár

Maria Falina

Michal Kopeček

Oxford University Press

The 1848 revolutions produced a plethora of ideas and political reflections with long-lasting consequences for the region. What began with great enthusiasm throughout the region, soon led to serious national conflicts. Although a supranational federal arrangement had the potential to provide a remedy for the overlapping claims of the various ethnic groups, no such project was actually implemented. The revolutionary events also revealed a radical democratic ideological position that linked political and social emancipation to a much more outspokenly egalitarian agenda. Meanwhile, ideologists of the counter-revolution sought to preserve the imperial frameworks. Although the revolutions were suppressed, a return to the pre-1848 status quo was impossible. Major achievements included the abolition of serfdom and a renewed educational system. The failure of the revolutions also inspired some sophisticated critical assessments that contested the neo-absolutist policies of the Court and formulated political visions with regard to the European balance of forces.

Keywords:   1848 revolutions, republicanism, federalism, ethnic conflict, social emancipation, abolition of serfdom, counter-revolution, neo-absolutism

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