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A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central EuropeVolume I: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Long Nineteenth Century'$
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Balázs Trencsényi, Maciej Janowski, Monika Baar, Maria Falina, and Michal Kopecek

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198737148

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737148.001.0001

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Political Visions of the Vormärz

Political Visions of the Vormärz

(p.214) 5 Political Visions of the Vormärz
A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe

Balázs Trencsényi

Maciej Janowski

Mónika Baár

Maria Falina

Michal Kopeček

Oxford University Press

Liberalism as a conscious political self-identification became prominent in this period, and liberal postulates grew inseparable from national demands. Liberals stressed the need to follow the examples of Western European societies in order to create a modern economy, stimulate urbanization, and emancipate the peasantry. However, many agreed that it must be built on local institutional traditions of liberty. A consensus emerged regarding the main direction of reforms, but opinions on the acceptable means diverged. In contrast to the liberal mainstream, proponents of the radical democratic ideological position accepted many of the central tenets of mainstream liberalism but opposed the exclusion of the majority of society from public life based on education or financial status. Meanwhile, some conservative critiques of national liberalism maintained the enlightened tradition of supra-ethnic patriotism, while others advocated a new conservative ideology that no longer supported the status quo and sought to formulate an organicist reform agenda.

Keywords:   liberalism, liberal nationalism, urbanization, emancipation of the peasantry, Jews, constitution, radical democratism, patriotism, conservatism

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