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A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central EuropeVolume I: Negotiating Modernity in the 'Long Nineteenth Century'$
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Balázs Trencsényi, Maciej Janowski, Monika Baar, Maria Falina, and Michal Kopecek

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198737148

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737148.001.0001

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The Repercussions of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars

The Repercussions of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars

(p.116) 3 The Repercussions of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars
A History of Modern Political Thought in East Central Europe

Balázs Trencsényi

Maciej Janowski

Mónika Baár

Maria Falina

Michal Kopeček

Oxford University Press

The ideas of the French Revolution initially appealed to enlightened monarchs and their reform-minded followers; the anti-monarchical mood attracted the nobility defending its privileges. Whatever the attitude, the proliferation of the new type of political thinking led to the opening up of the horizons of expectation to more radical change, and eventually to the attempts at creating a modern type of political entity. The Napoleonic Wars catalyzed discussions on the broader European context of the local national movements. The mobilization against “foreign” invasion also influenced the political discourse. As more conservative tendencies emerged, the Enlightenment thinkers in favor of centralized government were able to adapt to the new situation. Simultaneously, a sort of Christian revival occurred, and a new genre of conservatism appeared standing on the border between Enlightenment and Romanticism. It often represents a post-Enlightenment style, adapting Enlightenment strands of thought and catchwords for new purposes.

Keywords:   French Revolution, Jacobinism, Napoleonic Wars, liberalism, conservatism, legitimism

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