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Verb Movement and Clause Structure in Old Romanian$
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Virginia Hill and Gabriela Alboiu

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198736509

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736509.001.0001

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Supine clauses: On the road to balkanization

Supine clauses: On the road to balkanization

Chapter:
(p.267) 9 Supine clauses: On the road to balkanization
Source:
Verb Movement and Clause Structure in Old Romanian
Author(s):

Virginia Hill

Gabriela Alboiu

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198736509.003.0009

Old Romanian texts attest to the emergence of supine clauses that spread relatively fast from adverbial to relative adjuncts and then to complement clauses. Relatives and selected supines display de in a split Fin configuration (Fin1-de) that also attests to V-to-Fin2. While in Old and standard Modern Romanian the internal structure of the supine complement differs from its indicative, infinitive, and subjunctive counterpart (that is, it lacks TP and free morpheme negation), regional varieties show developments that mimic the internal structure of the Balkan subjunctive (i.e. remerged Fin; V-to-T; free morpheme negation). This change is also reflected by an aggressive competition with -subjunctives in selected and non-selected contexts, in the same varieties.

Keywords:   Old Romanian, Modern Romanian, supine clauses, Balkan subjunctive, să-subjunctives, split Fin, remerged Fin

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