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The Metaphysics of Relations$
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Anna Marmodoro and David Yates

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198735878

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735878.001.0001

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Aristotelian vs Contemporary Perspectives on Relations

Aristotelian vs Contemporary Perspectives on Relations

(p.36) 3 Aristotelian vs Contemporary Perspectives on Relations
The Metaphysics of Relations

Jeffrey E. Brower

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines a longstanding tradition in philosophy according to which relations are to be understood in terms of individuals and their monadic properties. This tradition enjoyed ascendancy in the West prior to the twentieth century, has its roots in antiquity, especially in the work of Aristotle, and received its most sustained development and careful defense at the hands of philosophers during the Middle Ages. The purpose of this chapter is to provide a systematic introduction to the types of theory characteristic of this tradition and to demonstrate that they are much more subtle and sophisticated than contemporary philosophers have appreciated.

Keywords:   reductionism, internal relations, monadic properties, polyadic properties, relatives, Aristotle, Ockham, Scotus

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