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CatholicismThe Story of Catholic Christianity, 2nd Edn$
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Gerald O'Collins, S. J. and Mario Farrugia, S. J.

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198728184

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198728184.001.0001

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The Catholic Church and its Mission

The Catholic Church and its Mission

(p.312) 8 The Catholic Church and its Mission

Gerald O’Collins, S.J.

Mario Farrugia, S.J.

Oxford University Press

By gathering disciples and calling ‘the twelve’, Jesus created some minimal organization, which grew after Pentecost into the ‘one, holy, catholic, and apostolic’ Church of the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed. After some developments in the Middle Ages and at the time of the Reformation, teaching about the nature and function of the Catholic Church has flowered in the last two centuries. Vatican I (1869–70) defined the primacy and infallibility of the Pope but did not have the chance to complete its full teaching on the Church. This happened at Vatican II (1962–65), where biblical, patristic, ecumenical, and liturgical influences combined to produce such rich developments as teaching on the collegiality of bishops, the universal call to holiness, and relations to other Christians and to non-Christians.

Keywords:   call to holiness, collegiality, infallibility, primacy, the twelve, Vatican I, Vatican II

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