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CatholicismThe Story of Catholic Christianity, 2nd Edn$
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Gerald O'Collins, S. J. and Mario Farrugia, S. J.

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198728184

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198728184.001.0001

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The Second Thousand Years

The Second Thousand Years

Chapter:
(p.53) 2 The Second Thousand Years
Source:
Catholicism
Author(s):

Gerald O’Collins, S.J.

Mario Farrugia, S.J.

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198728184.003.0002

This chapter describes the second millennium of Catholic Christianity, before and after the 1492 discovery of the Americas. Up to Columbus, European Catholicism was shaped by building programmes, religious foundations, the sacramentalizing of daily life, crises in the papacy, reform movements, and the rise of national states. After Columbus, Christianity expanded as Europeans spread around the world. Grave abuses helped to trigger the sixteenth-century Protestant Reformation, which overlapped with the growth of the new learning facilitated by the invention of printing. The chapter describes the coming of the world Church, symbolized by the Second Vatican Council (1962–5). It closes by summarizing the pontificate of Benedict XVI (2005–13) and the start of a new era with Pope Francis (2013–).

Keywords:   Benedict XVI, Columbus, Pope Francis, Reformation, Second Vatican Council

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