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OffshoreExploring the Worlds of Global Outsourcing$
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Jamie Peck

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198727408

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727408.001.0001

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Exploring Outsourcing Space

Exploring Outsourcing Space

(p.23) 2 Exploring Outsourcing Space

Jamie Peck

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents an abbreviated (modern) history of outsourcing, from the identification of the so-called new international division of labor in the 1970s, through the ascendancy of outsourcing as an innovatory business practice from the late 1980s and through the 1990s, to the rancorous “offshoring” debates of the last decade. Chapter 2 provides a genealogical and political-economic commentary on the rise of global outsourcing, from an epiphenomenon of the crisis of competitiveness facing some of the major manufacturing firms of North America and Western Europe in the 1970s, through the digital revolutions of the 1990s and the opening up of white-collar outsourcing markets, to the construction of the contemporary outsourcing “industry,” with its peculiar mix of strong growth, corporate regularization, political stigmatization, and second-class status.

Keywords:   new international division of labor, corporate globalization, Thomas Friedman, genealogy, corporate expertise, outsourcing complex, global production systems, global value chains

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