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The Economics of Chocolate$
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Mara P. Squicciarini and Johan Swinnen

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780198726449

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198726449.001.0001

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Policy Reform and Supply Chain Governance

Policy Reform and Supply Chain Governance

Insights from Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, and Ecuador

(p.228) 13 Policy Reform and Supply Chain Governance
The Economics of Chocolate

Sietze Vellema

Anna Laven

Giel Ton

Sander Muilerman

Oxford University Press

This chapter looks at the degree of state involvement and the modes of market governance in the cocoa value chains of Ghana, Côte d’Ivoire, and Ecuador, in order to document the institutional blending of private and public economic governance. Liberalization in the cocoa sectors transformed the role of public policy but did not eradicate the public sector. The state continued to play a mediating role, which is an important lesson for contemporary sustainability initiatives in tropical commodities, which rely exclusively on private governance arrangements, such as standards. Finding ways to connect different governance structures and policy measures situated in specific historical conditions may enhance sustainability, rather than opting for either a fully privatized and deregulated sector or complete public control over the cocoa economy.

Keywords:   comparative analysis, private governance, public policy, sustainability initiatives, tropical commodities, standards, value chains

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